How does an Electric Car Work? Its Parts & Functions Explained

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Electric cars plug into a charge point and take electricity from the grid. They store electricity in a rechargeable battery that powers an electric motor, which spins the wheels. Electric cars run faster than vehicles with conventional fuel engines – so they feel lighter to drive.

The electric motor receives energy from a controller, which controls the amount of power based on the driver’s use of the accelerator pedal. Electric cars (also known as electric vehicles or EVs) use energy stored in their rechargeable batteries, which are recharged by common household electricity.

Main components of an Electric car:
1) Traction Battery Pack: An electric-vehicle battery (also known as a traction battery) is used to power an electric vehicle’s motors. These batteries are usually rechargeable (secondary) and are usually lithium-ion batteries.

2) Power Inverter: An inverter converts DC electricity from sources such as batteries or fuel cells into AC electricity. Power can be at any required voltage; Specifically, it can operate AC equipment designed for mains operation or can be rectified to produce DC at the desired voltage.

3) Electric Motor: The DC motor works because, simply put, when a current is passed through the motor circuit, there is a reaction between the current in the field and the current in the armature, which causes the armature to turn. The armature and the field are connected in series, and the whole motor is referred to as a “series wound.”

4) Controller: The controller’s main function is to regulate electrical energy from batteries and inverters that will be distributed to electric motors. The main input to the controller is from the car’s pedal. This pedal setting will determine the frequency variation or voltage variation that will enter the motor and, at the same time, determine the speed of the car.

5) DC/DC Converter: This is one of the electric car parts that convert high-voltage DC power from the traction battery pack to low-voltage DC power to drive the vehicle’s accessories and recharge the auxiliary battery. Necessary for.

6) Charging port: The charge port allows the vehicle to be connected to an external power supply to charge the traction battery pack.

This video is just for educational purposes only. We are not in the auto repair business nor publish automotive service manuals. This video is not reviewed or authorized by any vehicle manufacturer. This video is intended only as general guidance. Every system is slightly different, so refer to the owner’s manual of your vehicle for any specific information about your model. Remember that only proper service and repair procedures will ensure your car’s safe and reliable operation.

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Copyright Disclaimer under section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, education, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational, or personal use tips the balance favor of fair use.

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36 thoughts on “How an Electric Car Works? Its Parts & Functions [Explained]”

  1. It is an inaccurate statement to say electric cars produce less “pollution”. It is accurate to say the are able to disperse the concentration of environmental impact away from the denser population centers.

  2. Stop lying and saying their environmental friendly. They're the worst thing there is for a landfill and they use slave labor in production

  3. Which fault code readers work for the electric car Renault Zoe? My car is a 2019 model year. Thank you! Too good Videos. With kind regards, Tommy Bertilsson from Sweden

  4. Lol!!! So all of yous with electric cars who live in areas where temperatures dipped down to 0 and below, how's your car holdin up? I start my buick lacrosse and my Nissan pathfinder rock creek, let them run for 5 minutes and off i go. They are both paid off. No payments. I seen some nice electric vehicles but before i invest in one, they have to perfect them first. Till then, i will take 3 minutes to refuel while you take 20 to 30 minutes to fully recharge. If you should ever need to replace them batteries, get another loan because it will cost anywhere from 7 to 11 thousand dollars unless ofcourse you're rich and rich i am not. Sometimes it's better to stay old school. Old school is the best school…

  5. I don't like content that is created and presented by AI with robotic voice. I hope it gets better because it will be ubiquitous in the future.

  6. Names of some very advanced EV car from China which are among the best selling in the world with many new technologies-
    deliberately not mentioned!!!
    Afraid of competition???

  7. It's only as clean as the fuel/method used to generate the electricity it uses. IF you have solar panels at home & u only charge your ev using electricity coming off your solar system, then you can truly say you're an eco-warrior. Else, you're just a wannabe pretender

  8. 1.We can blow battery easily think negetive side of it and damage more than engine And 2. battery made use of lead ,sulphur, alkaline etc..where do they come from and where it would dump them

  9. This is an old video. The cost of a new EV is now closer to $60K. The video suggests an EV has fewer components and parts and leaves the viewer to assume maintenance costs will be lower. Because each manufacturer specializes their own components, EV owners are dependent on OEM manufacturers to replace parts. Because of rapid evolution of EV technology, many components may be hard if not impossible to obtain 10 years down the road. Because purchasing an EV is more expensive than a combustion engine driven vehicle, because replacement parts are likely to be expensive, because certified mechanics for each brand and model may be in short supply, and because battery packs only have an average 10-year life and currently cost $10K to $20K to replace, it does not appear EVs will be less expensive to own and operate any time soon. Also, we must factor in the 30- to 60-minute charging time at an EV charging station vs 5 minutes to gas up at a filling station, which will be lost productivity time for business, industry, transportation, and households, which will cause its own mini-recession wave effect on the economy, and an economic lag effect from reduced earnings and savings for households. Many people already cannot afford to purchase e-vehicles and will be forced to rely on slower public transportation, with its consequent losses of time, ghastly sanitation, and deleterious communicable disease transmission.

  10. They should of made one of the wheels on electric cars a Generator constantly charging the battery. Unless someone already thought of that Idea. Better than plugging it in.

  11. Can have a spare smaller battery in the car. But unfortunately the big companies milk small endusers concluded in the cost of the battery.

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